Paper Mache Bee Models by Dr. Louis Thomas Jerôme Auzoux (1797-1880)
“This highly detailed papier mache model of the human brain, which can be pulled apart to reveal labelled and numbered structures within, was created by the French physician Louis Thomas Jerome Auzoux (1797-1880).
In the early 19th century, human cadavers for the study of anatomy were in short supply. The dissection of human corpses was difficult, due to the fast rate of decomposition, and also illegal. And the wax anatomical models available at the time were both fragile and expensive.
Taking his inspiration from the childrens’ toys sold on the streets of Paris, Auzoux began working on his first model. In 1822, while still a student, he presented it to the Paris Academy of Medicine. Five years later, Auzoux opened a papier mache anatomical model factory, in which he also produced zoological, veterinary and botanical models.”
“Important Papier Mache Lady, Germany, c. 1840, papier mache shoulder head, hairstyle consisting of black painted head, brush stroked center part and two applied looped braids of waxed human hair in front of each molded exposed ear and a brush stroked part running from ear to ear over the top of the head with a finely detailed applied coiled rear braided bun of waxed human hair, brown pupil-less glass eyes, closed mouth, unusual molded breasts, cloth body with leather arms, wearing a black satin two-piece dress with embroidered floral detail, silk striped apron, embroidered black net shawl and fingerless gloves, ht. 33 in., (very good, eye brows and lashes enhanced with charcoal pencil).”